History of Carry the Kettle First Nation
Carry the Kettle is a signatory of Treaty 4 which was signed by Chief the Man Who Took the Coat on September 25, 1877 at Fort Walsh.
Carry the Kettle is a signatory of Treaty 4 which was signed by Chief the Man Who Took the Coat on September 25, 1877 at Fort Walsh. The three Assiniboine Chiefs who signed the Treaty 4 adhesion were Man Who Takes The Coat (Cuwiknaga Je Eyaku, in the Assiniboine/Nakoda language), Long Lodge (Teepee Hoksa), and Lean Man (Wica Hostaka).
Prior to Chief Cuwkencaayu signing Treaty 4 the tribes of Cuwekencaayu and Long Lodge resided in the Cypress Hills along with other Cree tribes of Payepot and Little Pine. Historically, First Nation Chiefs signed treaty in their traditional territories, meaning that the Assiniboine tribes today live far from their traditional, ancestral lands.
The Assiniboines moved from the Cypress Hills and settled in the area around Indian Head. It was after Chief Cegakin’s appointment as Chief in 1891, following the death of his brother, that the current peoples of Carry the Kettle relocated to the present reserve location.
CTK First Nation Land
Carry the Kettle is a Nakoda First Nation located approximately 80 kms east of Regina, Saskatchewan, 12 kms south of the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway Number 1) and 15 kms north of the town of Montmartre.
The current land base for Carry the Kettle includes 53 Reserves and an abundance of fee simple lands that are in various stages of reserve creation. As of November 2016, CTK held over 29,371 hectares or nearly 73,000 acres of reserve land. The main Assiniboine Reserve alone comprises 16,590 hectares or 41,000 acres.
On September 22, 1992 25 First Nations signed the Treaty Land Entitlement (TLE) Framework Agreement with Canada and Saskatchewan . This Agreement provided approximately $446 million over 12 years to the signatories of the TLE Agreement to purchase land, mineral rights and improvements, including buildings and structures affixed to the lands.
Although CTK was not one of the original signatories, the community was later validated under the TLE program negotiating a settlement with Canada on March 27, 1996. CTK received $21.394 million in relation to their TLE Agreement. Today, CTK has achieved their shortfall acres but 12,542 hectares of equity acres remain to be purchased. Of the land purchased through the TLE Agreement, 35,842 acres have been converted to reserve status.
In total, CTK leases out a total of 51,165 acres of land to non-members, the large majority of these arrangements are agricultural leases to neighbouring farmers who grow seed and pulse crops that support the larger Saskatchewan and Canadian economy.
Comprehensive Land Use Plan
In August 2017, Carry the Kettle completed a comprehensive land use plan for the community in partnership with Urban Systems. This land use plan sets out a vision and objectives for CTK land in five major categories: community; agricultural; commercial; industrial and protected lands. The plan is also guided extensively by the traditional land use wheel depicted below.
The land use plan will help guide Carry the Kettle in the future development and management of both its TLE Lands and its Band lands. The Plan also forms a key component in Carry the Kettle adopting a process to manage and control its own lands outside the Indian Act through the provisions of the First Nation Land Management (FNLM) Act.
As of October 2017, CTK had 2,878 registered band members of whom 937 resided on reserve with the remaining membership dispersed mostly in the urban cities of Regina and Saskatoon and urban centres outside of Saskatchewan.
This is an increase of 6 percent since 2011. Based on membership, Carry the Kettle is the largest of the 11 member First Nations of File Hills Qu’Appelle Tribal Council (FHQTC) and one of the largest of the 70 First Nations in Saskatchewan.
Registered Population of Carry the Kettle, October, 2017
|Residency||# of People|
|Registered Males On Own Reserve||445|
|Registered Females On Own Reserve||431|
|Registered Males On Other Reserves||23|
|Registered Females On Other Reserves||37|
|Registered Males Off Reserve||899|
|Registered Females Off Reserve||1,042|
|Total Registered Population||2,878|
Carry the Kettle’s citizens are also very young with a median age of 23 years versus 44 years of age of the non-Aboriginal population of Saskatchewan. More than three quarters (78%) of the population is younger than 44 years of age.
Community, Vision, & Governance
Carry the Kettle has a long and proud history of independence and self-governance. The community and its leadership is constantly guided by a shared vision set out below:
CTK First Nation is a progressive community guided by our unique Nakoda culture, language and history, and our sacred relationships to the land. Through our governance, holistic education, and cultural recognition; our current and future generations will support the health, strength and success of our community. We acknowledge that the health and strength of our community depends on the spiritual, physical, social, economic and cultural health and strength of each of our members, and the community as a whole; affirmed by our Treaty as our inherent right.
The current Chief and Council are as follows:
- Brady O’Watch
- Morris Pasap
- Kurt Adams
- Shawn Spencer
- Orleen Saulteaux
- Scott Eashappie
- Conrad Medicinerope
Contact CTK First Nation
Carry The Kettle First Nation
PO Box 57,